Prof. Dr. Ersin İrfan Akinci, Faculty of Agriculture, Horticulture Faculty Member in Kahramanmaras, developed a new system that enables plants to grow more plants in smaller areas in aquaculture where plants grow without soil. This system developed by Akinci promises 13 times more plant production.
Due to the decrease in agricultural land compared to the increasing population in the world, in many countries, plants are grown in a soilless environment, in aquaculture where the necessary nutrients are given to the plants.
In soilless agriculture, while scientists continue to work on growing different types of plants, ways are sought to grow more crops in smaller areas.
In this context, vertical water culture was carried out in the study conducted at KSU.
With the cooperation of Prof. Dr. Ersin İrfan Akinci and a company in Teknokent, 140 plants can be grown in each tower, and the nutrients that the plant needs from the soil are dissolved in water and given to the plants.
In this context, vertical water culture was carried out in the study conducted at KSU. With the cooperation of Prof. Dr. Ersin İrfan Akinci and a company in Teknokent, 140 plants can be grown in each tower and the nutrients that the plant needs from the soil are dissolved in water and given to the plants.
“13 TIMES MORE PLANTS CAN BE OBTAINED”
Stating that plants need soil to fix themselves and stand upright and for the necessary nutrients and water, Akinci said that they can make the soil factor with aquaculture. He also stated that it is possible to grow the plants in any environment if the water and nutrients can be given to the plant in a soilless environment.
He continued as follows:
“Water culture is one of them and it is done in different ways. Water cultures can be realized in vertical systems as well as in horizontal systems. In horizontal systems, plants can be made on a flat surface using any medium, that is, using a water culture environment, using materials such as crates and plastic tubs. But in the horizontal culture, there may be problems in ground maintenance. “
“If your space is narrow, if you have trouble with regard to the area you use, it needs a lot of space when you calculate square meters to place those plants in horizontal culture.” Akinci said, “The biggest advantage of vertical cultures is that by placing the plants vertically in a column, it is possible to use vertical water cultures in a more controlled and more efficient way than systems that both gain space and cover our plants. In horizontal culture, for example, when we think of lettuce or curly in a square meter, we can fit 7 to 12 plants, while in the vertical culture we have developed, it is possible to reach up to 144. In other words, it means getting at least 10, 12, 13 times more plants.”
“NO DIFFERENCE IN NUTRITIONALITY OF PLANTS IN SOIL AND WATER CULTURE”
KSU Faculty of Agriculture, Horticulture Faculty Member Prof. Dr. Ersin İrfan Akinci, stating that the soil still has some advantages, said “Of course, interactions in an earthy environment, soil creatures, nutrients, naturalness seem more advantageous than these systems, if they have not undergone any degradation. But if you can give those minerals, nutrients and water to these plants in the soil, we can say that there is almost no difference between them in terms of nutrition. But one should never forget the natural structure of the soil. It is an advantage for the soil.”
Source: NTV / Translated by Irem Yildiz