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TUIK: 42.8% of exports came from large-scale enterprises

Large-scale enterprises accounted for 42.8% of exports and 56% of imports.

Turkish Statistical Institute (TUIK) announced the Foreign Trade Statistics by Enterprise Characteristics for 2020. Accordingly, large-scale enterprises accounted for 42.8% of exports and 56% of imports. According to the data obtained using the foreign trade statistics and business records system, 87 thousand 705 enterprises exported and 73 thousand 591 enterprises imported in 2020. In the match made, the information of approximately 100.0% of the exporting enterprises and 97.0% of the importing enterprises were obtained. These initiatives realized approximately 100.0% of total exports and 99.9% of imports.

Micro-scale enterprises with 1-9 employees, accounting for 20.4% of total exports, constituted 61.0% of total export enterprises. In exports, the share of small-scale enterprises with 10-49 employees was 18.9%, the share of medium-sized enterprises with 50-249 employees was 17.9%, and the share of large-scale enterprises with 250+ employees was 42.8%.

14.1% of total imports were made by micro-scale enterprises with 1-9 employees. In imports, the share of small-scale enterprises with 10-49 employees was 12.4%, and the share of medium-sized enterprises with 50-249 employees was 17.5%. While the share of large-scale enterprises with 250+ employees in imports was 56.0%, these enterprises constituted 4.0% of the total importing enterprises.

INITIATIVES IN THE INDUSTRIAL SECTOR ACHIEVED MORE THAN HALF OF THE EXPORTS

According to the main activity of the enterprise, 56.4% of exports and 48.8% of imports were made by enterprises operating in the industrial sector. The share of enterprises whose main activity is trade was 39.8% in exports and 37.5% in imports.

In the exports of the industrial sector, large-scale enterprises with 250+ employees came to the fore with a share of 66.7%. In the exports of the trade sector, the dominance of small and medium-sized enterprises with a share of 90.0% and employing 1-249 people continued.

Large-scale enterprises came to the forefront with a share of 77.8% in industrial sector imports. In the other sector, the share of small and medium-sized enterprises increased from 29.8% to 36.1% , while large-scale enterprises continued to lead with a 63.7% share.

ENTERPRISES IN THE INDUSTRIAL SECTOR MADE 47.1% OF THEIR EXPORT TO THE EUROPEAN UNION (EU 27) COUNTRIES

Enterprises, whose main activity is industry, realized 47.1% of their exports to EU 27 countries, 14.5% to Near and Middle Eastern countries, and 12.7% to non-EU European countries. 64.4% of exports to EU 27 countries were made by industry, 33.6% by trade and 2.0% by enterprises in other sectors.

Enterprises, whose main activity is industry, made 38.1% of their imports from EU 27 countries, 23.0% from other Asian countries, and 14.8% from non-EU European countries. The country groups that the enterprises whose main activity is trade import the most were the EU 27 countries with a share of 32.0%, Other Asia with 25.1% and the Near and Middle East countries with 19.2%, respectively.

ENTERPRISES IN THE INDUSTRIAL SECTOR CONDUCTED 58.0% OF THE EXPORT OF MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS

58.0% of the exports of manufacturing industry products were made by enterprises whose main activity was industry, and 38.6% of them were enterprises whose main activity was trade. Manufacturing industry products accounted for 96.3% of the exports made by enterprises whose main activity is industry, and agriculture, forestry and fishery products constituted 1.9%.

45.6% of the imports of manufacturing industry products were made by industry, 42.5% by trade and 11.8% by enterprises in other sectors. Manufacturing industry products accounted for 76.3%, agriculture, forestry and fishery products for 4.8%, and mining products for 3.6% of the imports of enterprises whose main activity is industry.

39.5% OF EXPORTS WAS REALIZED BY THE TOP 100 INITIATIVES

The first 100 enterprises accounted for 39.5% of exports and 57.0% of imports. The first 5 enterprises with the most exports realized 13.5% of the total exports, and the first 5 enterprises with the most imports realized 21.7% of the imports.

The share of the top 5 enterprises with the highest export in the industrial sector was 14.8%, and the share of the first 5 enterprises with the highest export in the trade sector in the trade sector was 11.5%. The share of the top 5 enterprises in the industry and trade sectors, which made the most imports, was 16.8%.

50.3% OF ENTERPRISES MADE IMPORT FROM A SINGLE COUNTRY

While 44.3% of the enterprises exported to a single country, 16.9% exported to two countries. While the rate of enterprises exporting to twenty or more countries was 4.4%, the share of these enterprises in exports was 58.0%.

While 50.3% of the enterprises imported from one country, 15.8% of them imported from two countries. While the rate of enterprises importing from twenty or more countries was 2.7%, the share of these enterprises in imports was 51.4%.

Source: Sabah / Translated by ırem Yildiz

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